Bitcoin Just Completely Crashed



It had to happen sooner or later. After a couple of blips in its value – mainly caused by the Chinese central bank’s refusal to recognise it as a valid form of currency – this morning the Bitcoin market completely crashed, as you can see from the graph above.

The reason for this can be attributed pretty much solely to the fact that major trading exchange Mt Gox – once the number one Bitcoin market site – decided to suspend the withdrawal of Bitcoins on Friday as it was seeing a large amount of withdrawals and wanted to fix a technical issue before allowing them to continue. Then today they issued another statement saying that Bitcoin trading would continue to be halted, which saw their value plummet to next to nothing.

The good news is that withdrawals in actual currency still work, so if you wanted to cash in on your Bitcoins now before their value drops even lower (probably not a good idea) then you would be able to do this. It’s probably better to hope and pray that this technical problem gets sorted out soon though and that their value climbs again, because otherwise you’ll probably have lost a shitload of cash.

More worryingly, MT Gox has suggested that the technical issue affects all transactions within the Bitcoin community which means that every single transaction ever completed – or being completed currently – could be affected by it. In short, there appears to be an issue whereby users can alter transaction details so that it appears that Bitcoins have been transferred from one user to another when in actual fact they haven’t, which is effectively fraud and a big problem for the entire network. Evidently this new information also had a massive role to play in the price of Bitcoins plummeting today.

We can only hope that they sort it out soon so we can resume Bitcoin trading ASAP. They seem fairly confident that this will be happening sooner rather than later though, which is reassuring.

If you’re interested in checking out the full press release, you can find it below:

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Dear MtGox Customers and Bitcoiners,

As you are aware, the MtGox team has been working hard to address an issue with the way that bitcoin withdrawals are processed. By “bitcoin withdrawal” we are referring to transactions from a MtGox bitcoin wallet to an external bitcoin address. Bitcoin transactions to any MtGox bitcoin address, and currency withdrawals (Yen, Euro, etc) are not affected by this issue.

The problem we have identified is not limited to MtGox, and affects all transactions where Bitcoins are being sent to a third party. We believe that the changes required for addressing this issue will be positive over the long term for the whole community. As a result we took the necessary action of suspending bitcoin withdrawals until this technical issue has been resolved.

Addressing Transaction MalleabilityMtGox has detected unusual activity on its Bitcoin wallets and performed investigations during the past weeks. This confirmed the presence of transactions which need to be examined more closely.

Non-technical Explanation: A bug in the bitcoin software makes it possible for someone to use the Bitcoin network to alter transaction details to make it seem like a sending of bitcoins to a bitcoin wallet did not occur when in fact it did occur. Since the transaction appears as if it has not proceeded correctly, the bitcoins may be resent. MtGox is working with the Bitcoin core development team and others to mitigate this issue.

Technical Explanation:Bitcoin transactions are subject to a design issue that has been largely ignored, while known to at least a part of the Bitcoin core developers and mentioned on the BitcoinTalk forums. This defect, known as “transaction malleability” makes it possible for a third party to alter the hash of any freshly issued transaction without invalidating the signature, hence resulting in a similar transaction under a different hash. Of course only one of the two transactions can be validated. However, if the party who altered the transaction is fast enough, for example with a direct connection to different mining pools, or has even a small amount of mining power, it can easily cause the transaction hash alteration to be committed to the blockchain.

The bitcoin api “sendtoaddress” broadly used to send bitcoins to a given bitcoin address will return a transaction hash as a way to track the transaction’s insertion in the blockchain.Most wallet and exchange services will keep a record of this said hash in order to be able to respond to users should they inquire about their transaction. It is likely that these services will assume the transaction was not sent if it doesn’t appear in the blockchain with the original hash and have currently no means to recognize the alternative transactions as theirs in an efficient way.

This means that an individual could request bitcoins from an exchange or wallet service, alter the resulting transaction’s hash before inclusion in the blockchain, then contact the issuing service while claiming the transaction did not proceed. If the alteration fails, the user can simply send the bitcoins back and try again until successful.

We believe this can be addressed by using a different hash for transaction tracking purposes. While the network will continue to use the current hash for the purpose of inclusion in each block’s Merkle Tree, the new hash’s purpose will be to track a given transaction and can be computed and indexed by hashing the exact signed string via SHA256 (in the same way transactions are currently hashed).

This new transaction hash will allow signing parties to keep track of any transaction they have signed and can easily be computed, even for past transactions.

We have discussed this solution with the Bitcoin core developers and will allow Bitcoin withdrawals again once it has been approved and standardized.

In the meantime, exchanges and wallet services – and any service sending coins directly to third parties – should be extremely careful with anyone claiming their transaction did not go through.

Note that this will also affect any other crypto-currency using the same transaction scheme as Bitcoin.

Conclusion: To put things in perspective, it’s important to remember that Bitcoin is a very new technology and still very much in its early stages. What MtGox and the Bitcoin community have experienced in the past year has been an incredible and exciting challenge, and there is still much to do to further improve.

MtGox will resume bitcoin withdrawals to outside wallets once the issue outlined above has been properly addressed in a manner that will best serve our customers.

More information on the status of this issue will be released as soon as possible.

We thank you for taking the time to read this, and especially for your patience.

Best Regards,MtGox Team

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